[118] - Neogene fluvial landscape evolution in the hyperarid core of the Atacama Desert

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Ritter, B., Binnie, S., Stuart, F., Gerdes, A., Wennrich, V., Dunai, T., 2018. Neogene fluvial landscape evolution in the hyperarid core of the Atacama Desert.Proc. of EGU General Assembly 2018, April 08 - 13, 2018, Vienna, 1 - 1.
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Title(s):Main Title: Neogene fluvial landscape evolution in the hyperarid core of the Atacama Desert
Description(s):Abstract: Cosmogenic nuclide exposure dating of ancient extensive alluvial fan surfaces and fluvial features in the hyperarid coastal Atacama Desert provide new insights about the onset and variability of aridity. Depositional systems in the Coastal Cordillera are significantly influenced by tectonic activity, creating sedimentation space, re-arranging drainage pathways and protecting fluvial depositional fan surfaces from subsequent burial or erosion. The predominantly (hyper-) arid conditions help to preserve evidence for climatic variation and/or slow tectonic changes. Applying single clast 10Be and 21Ne terrestrial cosmogenic nuclide (TCN) dating, we find evidence for episodes of enhanced fluvial erosion and deposition at prior to 19 Ma, and 12 Ma, and around 8-9 Ma. Fluvial modification of surfaces essentially ceased 2-2.5 Ma ago. The presence of pre-Miocene clast ages (two clasts with 29 Ma and 35 Ma old ages) points to slow or stagnant landscape development during the Oligocene. Our data implies the early onset of (hyper-) aridity in the core region of the Atacama Desert, interrupted by wetter but probably still arid periods. The apparent conflict with interpretations by others, favouring a later onset of (hyper-) aridity, can be reconciled when the climatic gradients within the Atacama Desert are considered.
Responsible Party
Creator(s):Author: Benedikt Ritter
Author: Steven Binnie
Author: Finlay Stuart
Author: Axel Gerdes
Author: Volker Wennrich
Author: Tibor Dunai
Publisher:EGU General Assembly 2018
CRC1211 Topic:Dating
Related Sub-project(s):D1, A2
Subject(s):CRC1211 Keywords: Cosmogenic Nuclides, Geomorphology
File Details
File Name:EGU2018_B.Ritter_Abstract.pdf
Data Type:Text
File Size:37 kB (0.036 MB)
Date(s):Available: 2018-04-08
Mime Type:application/pdf
Download Permission:Free
General Access and Use Conditions:According to the CRC1211DB data policy agreement.
Access Limitations:According to the CRC1211DB data policy agreement.
North:-no map data
Measurement Region:Central focus area
Measurement Location:--Central focus area--
Specific Informations - Publication
Type:Event Paper
Number Of Pages:1
Page Range:1 - 1
Event Name:EGU General Assembly 2018
Event Type:Conference
Event Location:Vienna
Event Period:8th of April, 2018 - 13th of April, 2018
Metadata Details
Metadata Creator:Benedikt Ritter
Metadata Created:2019-06-26
Metadata Last Updated:2020-04-08
Funding Phase:1
Metadata Language:English
Metadata Version:V43
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